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National Capitol is located on the south side of the Bolivar square. It holds the headquarters of the Congress of the Republic. The classical Greek style construction was initiated in 1847
President Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera started building National Capitol in 1847, but it was not completed until 1926. The original plans were drawn by Tomas Reed, and successive alterations were made by Mario Lambasi, Pedro Cantini, Gastón Lelarge, and Mariano Santamaria, showing Ionic, neoclassical, and renaissance influences. The construction is made of white sandstone and many generations of stone carvers learned their trade there, it was declared a national monument in 1975.
The facade is simple, with three rows of six fluted Ionic columns. In the central block is the Ellipse, where the plenary sessions of Congress are held; on one side is the Senate House and on the other the House of Representatives. In the interior courtyards are the busts of Mosquera and Rafael Nunez, three times President and author of the National Anthem. The Capitol was one of the first buildings erected in Colombia in a style which differed from the Colonial tradition. Access to it is restricted. However, at the halls where the sessions are held there are areas for the public, from where the senators and representatives debates can be observed. Opposite the Capitol, on Seventh Avenue, the offices of congressmen and their legislative support units operate. Here, the Senate and Chamber commissions operate.
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Travel Guide of Colombia: Colombia Travel Guide – Amazonas – Antioquia – Arauca – Atlántico – Bolivar – Boyacá – Caldas – Caquetá – Casanare – Cauca – Cesar – Chocó – Córdoba – Cundinamarca – Guanía – Guaviare – Huila – La Guajira – Magdalena – Meta – Nariño – Norte de Santander – Putumayo – Quindio – Risaralda – San Andrés y Providencia – Santander – Sucre – Tolima – Valle del Cauca – Vaupés – Vichada