National Natural Parks of Colombia is acknowledged worldwide for its rich biodiversity it occupies first place in wildfowl and amphibians, second in plants, third in reptiles and fifth in mammals. Such wealth is an enormous privilege, although it also entails the major responsibility of preserving it for future generations. At present, the mission of preserving the natural and cultural riches protected in parks is entrusted to a human team formed by the Afro-Colombian, rural and indigenous communities who live either inside or on the hinterlands of the protected areas and are committed to the cause of natural heritage conservation.
Colombia took the first steps towards protecting its natural heritage in 1960, when it instituted the first national protected area: the Cueva de Los Guacharos. In 1996 the Policy of Social Involvement in Conservation began to make a substantial contribution to in situ preservation of our biodiversity and, at the same time, to improve the living conditions of the rural communities. Today, the National Natural Parks System covers 57 protected areas that together account for over.
14.2 million hectares, the equivalent of more than 11 % of the national territory. Protecting such a vast area is by no means an easy task, however, due not only to its size but also to the fact that the protected areas included in the System are scattered all over Colombia.
Although for the sake of this book we have grouped the National Natural Parks System protected areas into four regions, in biogeographical terms Colombia actually comprises five natural continental regions and one natural maritime region, namely:
Amazon: containing southern Colombia, whose low-altitude relief is covered mostly by tropical rainforests.
- Serranía de Chiribiquete National Natural Park
- the River Pure National Park
- Nukak National Natural Reserve
- Puinawai Natural Reserve
- Alto Fragua Indi Wasi National Park
- orito ingi-ande medicinal plants sanctuary
- Yaigojé Apaporis National Natural Park
Orinoquia: stretching out in the north of eastern Colombia in the Orinoco Basin. Its vast savannahs are known in the country as Los Llanos Orientales.
Andean Region: corresponding to the Colombian sector of the Andes range, which divides into three branches in the south of the country. All the varieties of thermal floor are present here, from hot to snow-capped peaks.
- Catatumbo Barf National Natural Park
- Cave of the Oilbirds National Natural Park
- The Puracé National Natural Park
- Munchique National Natural Park
- Nevado del Huila National Park
- Cordillera de Los Picachos National Park
- Natural National Park Farallones de Cali
- Las Hermosas National Natural Park
- Sumapaz National Park
- Chingaza National Park
- Los Nevados Natural National Park
- Pisba National Natural Park
- El Cocuy National Park
- Tamá National Natural Reserve
- Puinawai Natural Reserve
- Paramillo National Park
- Las Orquideas National Park
- Tatama National Natural Park
- Serranía de los Yariguíes Natural National Park
- Doña Juana-Cascabel Volcanic Complex
- The Isla de la Corota Flora and Fauna Sanctuary
- Iguaque Flora & Fauna Sanctuary
- Guanenta, flora and Fauna Sanctuary at Alto Rio Fonce
- Otun Quimbaya Fauna and Flora Sanctuary
- Galeras flora and Fauna Sanctuary
- A.N.U. Los Estoraques
Caribbean Region: comprising the coastal plains of the Colombian Caribbean and its offshore islands. Dominating this predominantly flat area is the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, in which the country’s highest peaks are located.
- The Cienaga Grande of Santa Marta
- SFF Los Colorados
- El Corchal ¨El Mono Hernández¨ Fauna and Flora Sanctuary
- Acandí, Playón y Playona Flora Sanctuary
- Salamanca Island Road Park
- Bahia Portete National Park
Insular Region: embracing those Colombian islands that are not regarded as offshore, that is, oceanic Islands such as the Archipelago of San Andres y Providencia in the (Caribbean and Malpelo Island in the Pacific).
Pacific Region: comprising the coastal plains of the Colombian Pacific, the local offshore islands in the exceptional Serrania del Baudó, which like the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta does not belong to the Andes.
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Travel Guide of Colombia: Colombia Travel Guide – Amazonas – Antioquia – Arauca – Atlántico – Bolivar – Boyacá – Caldas – Caquetá – Casanare – Cauca – Cesar – Chocó – Córdoba – Cundinamarca – Guanía – Guaviare – Huila – La Guajira – Magdalena – Meta – Nariño – Norte de Santander – Putumayo – Quindio – Risaralda – San Andrés y Providencia – Santander – Sucre – Tolima – Valle del Cauca – Vaupés – Vichada