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Cundinamarca has been the cradle of various civilizations since prehistory. The earliest evidence indicates that this area was populated 12,000 years ago by primitive hunting and gathering men from the Magdalena River Valley, who had their settlement in the rocky coats of Tequendama.
Archaeological studies indicate that Cundinamarca was populated by tribes Muiscas of the Chibcha linguistic family three thousand years ago, in what is known Like the Classic period. These were farmers who centuries later were invaded by other peoples of Caribbean origin, coming from the north of the country.
During the Conquest and the Colony, the inhabitants of this region had to remove their warrior caste to face the Spaniards, in struggles with aborigines commanded by the zipa, a legendary cacique of the area that ruled the towns known today as the northern savannah.
The Cundinamarca territory was also the scene of summits of the Spanish conquistadors Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Nicolás de Federmán and Sebastián de Belalcázar. At the end of the eighteenth century and beginning of the nineteenth, from the department the country was defined, with the transition from Greater Colombia to the sovereign state of Cundinamarca. The struggles between centralists and federalists took place here, as well as the process of Spanish reconquest.
Antonio Nariño and Camilo Torres, in Cundinamarca, were the protagonists of the struggle for the definition of the independent and free nation model of the Spanish regime that was intended to be established from 1810, when Independence was born.
But it was at the end of the 19th century that the territory of Cundinamarca began to be delimited, as it is known today, from the Political Constitution of 1886. From there the Republic of Colombia was constituted, governed then from Tocaima by the president Manuel Antonio Sanclemente , Who could not stand the cold of the high plateau.
Already in the 20th century, Cundinamarca became governed from Bogota, which is its administrative capital, although the Government has no interference in the administration of the city. During the government of Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, in the middle of the 20th century, Bogotá became a special district, and 40 years later, in a capital district, although it remains the administrative headquarters of the department, under an autonomous and independent regime in politics and resources.
Chronology – History of Cundinamarca
En 1538, la sabana de Bogotá fue escenario del encuentro de los conquistadores Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Nicolás de Federmán y Sebastián de Belalcázar.
En 1548 se constituyó la Real Audiencia, perteneciente al Virreinato del Perú.
Desde 1564 se nombraron presidentes.
El 20 de julio de 1810 se dio la gesta de la independencia en territorio cundinamarqués.
En 1831 se separó la Gran Colombia, y Cundinamarca se constituyó en uno de sus departamentos.
En 1886, gracias a la nueva Constitución Política, Cundinamarca se convirtió en departamento, a partir de la creación de la nueva República de Colombia.
La Constitución de 1991 la ratificó como distrito capital; así, la convirtió en ente independiente y de primer orden en el país.
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