La Candelaria: historic and cultural patrimony On foot
La Candelaria is the name commonly given to the historic center of the city, declared National Monument in 1963. It is the group of old districts or parishes of La Catedral, Egipto, and La Concordia, which grew around churches of the Roman Catholic tradition. The cult of the image of Our Lady of La Candelaria, located at the church which bears her name was so strong that with time it changed the name of the old La Catedral neighborhood to La Candelaria.
La Candelaria is located to the east of Bolivar Square and since the XVI Century, when the first buildings were built there, it has been a political, religious, and administrative center.
The streets of the old Santa fe, now part of the City’s center are characterized by their old, Spanish-style mansions, with heavy outer and inner doors, large Halls called zaguanes, spacious rooms, patios, thick walls, and facades with various styles of balconies and ironwork in doors and windows. The neoclassical buildings of the XIX and early XX Centuries, locally named “Republican”.
The ancestral and daily life of men and women who helped forge traditions is easily perceived. In the dynamic Candelaria of the XIX Century, old traditions and occupations still find a place to last for generations to come; they co-exist with the memories of historic events and reminiscences kept in museums, art collections, libraries, Churches, theatres, houses and streets alluring you to go back to the past.The tour may be begun at two different squares.
Eastern sector, begins at Plazoleta del Chorro de Quevedo:
- Chorro de Quevedo Plaza
- La Candelaria Corporation (information on the historic centre may be requested).
- Agustiniano de San Nicolás School and La Candelaria church. Cra 4 # 11-62
- House of the celebrated Colonial Artist Gregorio Vazquez de Arce y Ceballos Cra 4 10-84
- Luis Angel Arango Bibliotheque
- The Mint
- Botero Museum
- Military Museum Calle 10 # 4-92
- Rafael Pombo Foundation (home to the famous poet writer of fables) Calle 10 # 5-22
- San Carlos Palace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Colonial Art Museum
- San Ignacio Church
- Mayor School of San Bartolomé
- Plazoleta de Rufino José Cuervo
- Museum of Regional Costumes of Colombia
Western sector, the tour starts at Plaza de Bolívar:
- Bolivar Square
- The False Door – Locate across the old-vanished Cathedral’s, the oldest shop in Bogota. Calle II con Cra 6
- Economic Society of Friends of the Country’s (restaurant service)
Calle II con Cra 6
- House – Museum 20 de Julio
- Justice Palace
- Prime Cathedral of Colombia
- House of the Echlesiastic Council Cra 7 con Calle 10
- Archbishop Palace. Cra 7 con Calle 10
- National Capitol
- Lievano Building, Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá Town Hall
- La Concepción Church
- Casa de los Comuneros – City Cultural and Tourism Insititute
- Trade Learning School, Santo Domingo Foundation
- Astronomic Observatory (Established in 1808, it was the first in South America)
- Echeverri Palace
- Casa de Nariño, Presidential Palace